« After its creation above Chassagne and Puligny, God rested » (anonymous writer)
Montrachet refers to a Burgundy white wine classified as « grand cru ». The vineyard classified as "Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée" (AOC) and allowed to produce this specific wine covers a surface of 7,80 ha divided on two neighbouring villages in the area of "côte de Beaune" in Burgundy :
Chassagne-Montrachet : the bottle label will show « Le Montrachet »
Puligny-Montrachet : the bottle label will show « Montrachet »
The four neighbouring plots of "Montrachet" are also classified as « grand cru » and produce rare and high quality wines :
Bâtard-Montrachet (11,13 ha planted in Chassagne-Montrachet and Puligny-Montrachet)
Criots-Bâtard-Montrachet (1,57 ha planted in Chassagne-Montrachet only).
Chevalier-Montrachet (7,47 ha planted in Puligny-Montrachet only)
Bienvenues-Batard-Montrachet (3.57 ha planted in Puligny-Montrachet only)
Chassagne and Puligny produce then 5 out of the 7 white grand crus of Burgundy. The two other are known as "Corton-Charlemagne" and "Chablis grand cru". "Corton" and "Musigny" are allowed as grand cru as well but rarely produced in white.
From the 13th century, the vineyards located there are named « Mont Rachaz » or Bold Mountain, in reference to a dry and uneasy to cultivate soil.
In 1775, Courtépée priest, known as a historian of Burgundy, speaks of Mont-Rachet : « it was not in reputation at the beginning of the other century ».
The notoriety of this crû has grown all along the 18th century thanks to the incentive of the lords of Chagny (neighboring town) and above all of Thomas Jefferson who ranks it in 1787 at the the same level as Chambertin, a wine which had gained a strong image since several centuries.
In 1878, the two neighboring villages, Chassagne and Puligny, add to their name that of the famous "grand cru" wine, to become Chassagne-Montrachet and Puligny-Montrachet.
The Amiot family has been established since 1920 in Chassagne-Montrachet where they own two plots of Montrachet grand cru.
In 1921, the Montrachet appellation is stated by law at a local scale (Beaune court of justice). In 1937, the AOC Montrachet is officially claimed by national law (decree).
Chassagne-Montrachet is a appellation d'origine contrôlée wine (1937 decree), produced in Burgundy, on the commune (town) of Chassagne-Montrachet, in the district area of Côte-d'Or, and for a small part in the neighboring commune of Remigny, in the Saône-et-Loire area.
The wine is produced in white (chardonnay varietal) on 200 ha and in red (pinot noir varietal) on 100 ha.
On the Chassagne-Montrachet commune, 3 areas (climats, plots) are classified as « grand cru » : Le Montrachet, Bâtard-Montrachet and Criots-Bâtard-Montrachet.
Guy Amiot produce 1 grand cru and 8 premiers crus in white as well as two premiers crus in red from our own plots of Chassagne-Montrachet.
Sources : BIVB